The Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act, 2012 (POCSO) addresses sexual abuse and sexual exploitation of children.
The Act defines a child as any person below eighteen years of age.The salient features of the POCSO act are:
- It is gender neutral (covering girls and boys)
- It is child friendly
- It makes both the reporting and the recording of abuse mandatory
- It lists all known types of sexual offences towards minors. It makes a sexual assault “aggravated” under certain circumstances, such as when the abuse is committed by a person in a position of trust or authority, or when the abused child is below 12 years of age.
- It provides for the protection of minors during the entire judicial process